Biographies

February 24, 2012 § Leave a comment

Majid Khadduri
(September 27, 1909 – January 25, 2007)
was an Iraqi–born founder of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Middle East Studies program.

Mohamed Al-Maghout
(1934-2006)
Died in Damascus on 3 April 2006. One of Syria’s literary heavyweights, a great poet and playwright.

Moustapha Akkad
(July 1, 1930 –November 11, 2005)
film producer and director.

Samir Kassir
(May 5, 1960 –June 2, 2005)

Ahmed Zaki
(November 18, 1949 – March 27, 2005)
was a leading Egyptian film star.

Rafik Baha ad-Din Hariri
(November 1, 1944 –February 14, 2005)
Prime Minister of Lebanon twice.

Hisham B. Sharabi
(1927 – 2005)
Professor Emeritus of History and Umar al-Mukhtar Chair of Arab Culture, passed away on January 13, 2005, at theAmericanUniversityofBeirutHospital.

Abdul Rahman Munif
1933-2004
Gifted Arab novelist.
Edward Wādi’ Sa‘id
(1 November 1935 – 25 September 2003)

Abdul-Rahman Badawi
(1917-2002)
one of the most eminent philosophical figures and scholars inEgyptin the twentieth century, a prolific writer and translator, with about 120 monographs and translations in philosophy, viewed as the first existentialist philosopher and a follower of Martin Heidegger.

Talal Maddah
(1939-2000)
is a popular legend and well-known Saudi singer and musician.

Constantin Zureiq (1909-2000). A prominent Syrian Arab intellectual and academic. One of the pioneering theorists of modern Arab nationalism.

Abdul-Wahab al-Bayati (1926 – 1999) Iraqi poet.

King Hussein ofJordan(1935-1999).

Taha Hussein (November 14, 1889—October 28, 1973

Ghassan Kanafani (Born April 9, 1936 in Akka, Palestine – July 8, 1972 in Beirut, Lebanon) was a Palestinian writer and a leading member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. He was assassinated by car bomb inBeirut.

Abdel-Rahman al-Raf’ee (August 2, 1889- March 12, 1966). Arab historian of modernEgypt.

Ali Abd Al Raziq (1888 – 1966). Egyptian intellectual and author. His theory that ‘Caliphate’ was not an integral part of Islam, brought the wrath of the Muslims. His argument against the Caliphate was probably an effort to deny King Fouad ofEgyptthe ability to appropriate the Khilafat after the abolition of the Caliphate (1924) by Mustafa Kamal Pasha of Turkey.

Abbas Mahmud al-Aqqad (1889 – 1964). A writer, historian, poet, philosopher, translator, and journalist. Known for his patriotism, he used his writing to spread his pro-democratic beliefs and was known as a leading innovator in 20th-century Arabic criticism and poetry.

Badr Shakir al Sayyab (1926 – 1964) is an Iraqi and Arab poet, born in Jekor, a town south ofBasrainIraq. The eldest child of a date grower and shepherd. He graduated from the Higher teachers trainingcollegeofBaghdadin 1948.

Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed (15 January 1872-1963) was an Egyptian intellectual, anti-colonial activist, and a former rector ofCairoUniversity. He was fondly known as the Professor of the Generation (tr. ostaz el-gil). Lutfi el-Sayed was a major advocate of Egyptian secularism and liberalism.

Nazem El Ghazali (1921- 1963) (also spelled Nadhem Al-Ghazali, Nazem Al-Ghazali) was one of the most popular singers in the history ofIraqand his songs are still heard by many in the Arab world.

Ismail Mazhar (1891- 1962) translatedDarwin’s The Origin of Species.

26

Nizar Tawfiq Kabbani (21 March 1923 – 30 April 1998).

27

Muhammad Mahdi al-Jawahiri – 1900?-1997 – Arab poet.

28

Sayed Mekawi (1927 – 1997). Born in Cairo Sayeda Zeinab district of Al-Nasriya on May 8, 1927. His music has become part of Arab heritage. The great Egyptian composer died on April 21, 1997, aged 70.

29

Habibi, Emile (1921-1996)

30

Rachid Mimouni (November 20, 1945 – February 12, 1995) was an Algerian writer, teacher and human rights activist. Mimouni studied science at theUniversityofAlgiers. He was president of the Kateb Yacine foundation and he also held the position of vice-president at Amnesty International. He fledAlgeriaforFrancein 1993 to escape the civil war and the assassinations of intellectuals. He died inParisin 1995 of hepatitis.

31

Jabra Ibrahim Jabra (1919–1994).

32

Abdelkader Alloula (1929-1994) was an Algerian playwright, born in 1929 and assassinated in 1994.

33

Albert Habib Hourani (March 31, 1915 –January 17, 1993).

34

Baleegh Hamdi (October 7, 1932 –September 12, 1993).

35

Zaki Naguib Mahmoud (February 2, 1905 – September 8, 1993) was an Egyptian philosopher, intellect and thinker. Considered as a leader pathfinder in modern Arabic philosophy.

36

George Habib Antonius (1891-1941) His 1938 book The Arab Awakening was written asPalestinewas slipping from Arab control. His book generated an ongoing debate over such issues as the origins of Arab nationalism, the significance of the Arab Revolt of 1916, and the machinations behind the post – World War I political settlement in theMiddle East.

37

Ameen Rihani (1876-1940) Born inFreike,Lebanon, on November 24, 1876.

38

Sulaiman [Pasha] al-Barouni (1872-1940) was ruler of Tripolitania and part of the resistance movement against the Italian military occupation ofLibyafrom 1911 to 1916.

39

Hassan Kamel Al-Sabbah (August 16, 1895 – March 31, 1935) was an electrical and electronics research engineer, mathematician and inventor. He was born inNabatieh,Lebanon. He studied at theAmericanUniversityofBeirut. He taught mathematics at Imperial College of Damascus, Syria, and at theAmericanUniversityofBeirut. He died in an automobile accident at Lewis near Elizabeth Town, N.Y.

40

Muhammad Rashid Rida (September 23, 1865, Syria – August 22, 1935, Egypt) is said to have been “one of the most influential scholars and jurists of his generation” and the “most prominent disciple of Muhammad Abduh.”

41

Abu al-Qasim al-Shabbi (1909 – 1934). Noted Tunisian poet. Born in the southern Tunisian oasis town ofTozeur, he had a mobile childhood because of his father’s judicial career. The constant traveling familiarized him with the Tunisian countryside and people and induced in him a profound and lifelong infatuation with both that permeated his later poetry. His entire poetic career was compressed in a seven-year period that occurred between age eighteen, when he began publishing his poetry, and age twenty-five, when he succumbed to heart disease.

42

Ahmed Shawqi (1868 – 1932) Poet and dramatist who pioneered the modern Arabic literary movement, introducing the genre of poetic epics to the Arabic literary tradition.

43

Hafez Ibrahim (1872 – 1932) was an Arab Egyptian poet, called the Poet of theNile.

44

Omar el-Mukhtar, a Libyan nationalist & Gibran Kahlil Gibran 1883-1931 Poet, philosopher, and artist.

45

Hussein bin Ali (1853-1931). Emir ofMeccaand the last of the Hashemite Sharifians that ruled overMecca,Medinaand the Hijaz in unbroken succession from 1201 to 1925. He was best known for launching the Great Arab Revolt in June 1916 against Ottoman rule.

46

Saad Zaghloul (1859-August 23, 1927) was an Egyptian political figure. He served as prime minister ofEgyptfrom 26 January 1924 to 24 November 1924.

47

Yahya Haqqi (7 January 1905-9 December 1992) was an Egyptian writer and novelist. Born to a middle-class family inCairo, he was trained as a lawyer at the Cairo School of Law, graduating in 1925.

48

Farag Foda (August 20, 1945 – June 8, 1992) (also transliterated Faraj Foda) was an important Egyptian thinker, human rights activist, writer, and columnist. Based inCairo, he was noted for his critical articles and sharp satires about Islamic fundamentalism inEgypt. In many newspaper articles, he demonstrated weak points in Islamic ideology. He was shot to death in his office on 8 June 1992 by two Islamic fundamentalists from the Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya group. His son and other bystanders were seriously wounded in the attack.

49

Mohammed Abdel Wahab (also transliterated Mohammed Abd el-Wahaab (1907 -May 3, 1991) was a prominent 20th century Egyptian singer and composer.

50

Omar Abu-Riche (April 10, 1910 – July 15, 1990) was an influential Syrian poet known for his pioneering works. Abu-Riche was born in Acre,Palestineto a Palestinian mother and Syrian father.

51

Michel Aflaq (1910 – June 23, 1989) Born inDamascus, died inParis. He was the ideological founder of Ba’athism, a form of secular Arab nationalism.

52

Kateb Yacine (1929 — October 28, 1989) was an Algerian writer notable for his novels and plays, both in French and Algerian Arabic language, and his advocacy of the Algerian national cause.

53

Naguib Mahfouz (December 11, 1911 –August 30, 2006) a novelist who won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

54

Mikhail Naimeh (1889-1988). One of the Arab Lebanese greatest thinkers, poets, and men of letters.

55

Tawfiq el-Hakim or Tawfik el-Hakim (October 9, 1898 – July 26, 1987) was a prominent Egyptian writer. He was born inAlexandria,Egypt, the son of a wealthy judge.

56

Assi Rahbani (May 4, 1923 – June 21, 1986) was a Lebanese composer, musician and producer. He was part of the Rahbani Brothers, with his brother Mansour Rahbani. He married Lebanese singer Nouhad Haddad, more famous as Fairuz, her artistic name. His son Ziad Rahbani also became to be known as a very successful artist in music and theatre.

57

Isma’il Raji al-Faruqi (January 1, 1921 – May 27, 1986) was a Palestinian-American philosopher who was recognized by his peers as an authority on Islam and comparative religion. He spent several years atAl-AzharUniversityinCairo, then taught at several universities in North America, includingMcGillUniversityinMontreal. He was Professor of Religion atTempleUniversity, where he founded and chaired the Islamic Studies program. Dr. al-Faruqi and his wife were stabbed to death in their home inWyncote,Pennsylvaniaon May 27, 1986.

58

Alex Odeh was an Arab-American anti-discrimination activist who was killed in a October 11, 1985 bombing as he opened the door of his office inSanta Ana,California. Odeh was west-coast regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC).

59

Sultan al-Atrash, (1891-1982) Commonly known as Sultan Pasha al-Atrash. Prominent Arab Druze leader, Syrian nationalist and Commander General of the Great Syrian Revolution (1925-1927). He fought against the Ottomans, French, and even against the Syrian government in days of  dictatorship. One of the most influential figures in Syrian and Druze history, he played a major role in deciding the destiny of Jabal ad-Druze and ofSyriain general.

Riyad al-Sunbati  (1906-1981) Egyptian musician and composer.

62

63

Abdul Karim Al-Karmi (1907-1980).

64

Salah ad-Din al-Bitar (bornDamascus1912, diedParis21 July 1980), was a Syrian politician who, with Michel Aflaq, founded the Arab Ba’th Party in the early 1940s. During their student days in Paris in the early 1930s, the two worked together to formulate a doctrine that combined aspects of nationalism and socialism. Al-Bitar later served as prime minister in several early Ba’thist governments inSyria, but became alienated from the party as it grew more radical, and in 1966 fled the country

65

Philip Khuri Hitti (1886 – 1978), born in Shimlan, Ottoman Syria (nowLebanon), was a scholar of Islam and introduced the field of Arab culture studies to theUnited States.

66

El Haj Muhammad El Anka, (Algiers, May 20, 1907 – November 23, 1978, Algiers) also known as Hadj Muhammed Al Anka, El-Hadj M’Hamed El Anka (and various other combinations), was considered The Grand Master of Andalusian classical music and Algerian chaâbi music.

Abdul Halim Hafez (1929 – 1977).

67

Shaikh Ahmad bin ‘Ali Al Thani, (1917-1977) Emir of the State of Qatar through the final years of dependency and briefly 1971-1972 independent Amir. In 1953 he attended, as prince, the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II at Westminster Abbey.

68

Faisal ibn Abdul Aziz Al Saud (190? –March 25, 1975‎). King ofSaudi   Arabiafrom 1964 to 1975.

69

Ilia Abu Madhi (1890-1975). One of the outstanding Arab poets of the twentieth century. He was born inLebanon. When he was eleven years old, he was forced to leave school to immigrate toEgyptto find a job. However, he continued his studies at night. He published his first poem when he was 17.

70

Fareed el Atrash 1914 – 1974.

71

Abdul Hameed Shoman (1890-1974) Founder of the Arab Bank, was born in 1890 in the PalestinianvillageofBeit Hanina.

72

Mahmud Bayram el-Tunsi (Born in 1893 in Alexandria, Egypt – died 1961) was an Egyptian poet who was exiled fromEgyptby the British for his nationalist poetry.

73

Salama Moussa (1887-1958). A notable Egyptian journalist and reformer in the 1920s. Born in Zagazig to a Coptic Christian family, Moussa was known for his wide interest in science and culture, as well as his firm belief in the human intellect as a guarantor of progress and prosperity. In 1908, he traveled toEuropewhere he studied literature, philosophy, social and natural sciences. He continued studying these subjects critically throughout his life.

74

Mohamed Nagi (1888-1956). First Egyptian artist to study arts in theAcademyofFine ArtsinFlorence,Italy.

75

Ahmad Amin (also spelled Ahmed Ameen) (Oct. 1, 1886 – May 30, 1954). Born and died inCairo,Egypt.

76

Khalil al-Sakakini (January 23, 1878 -August 13, 1953).

Ibrahim Nagi (1898-1953). An Egyptian physician and prominent poet. Wrote “Al Atlal” (or The Ruins), which is considered by critics as one of the best 20 love poems in the history of Arabic poetry.

77

Khalil Motran (1872 – 1949). Nicknamed “The Poet of the Two Countries”, is a renowned Arab [Lebanese-Egyptian] poet.

78

Sayed Darwish (March 17, 1892 – September 15, 1923) was an Egyptian singer and composer who was considered the father of Egyptian popular music. He was born inAlexandriaon March 17, 1892. He put music to the Egyptian national anthem, Bilady, Bilady, Bilady, the words of which were adapted from a famous speech by Mustafa Kamil.

79

Farah Antun (1874 – 1922). Lebanese intellectual. Though originally fromTripoliinLebanon, Antun spent much of his adult life inCairo(Egypt) and inNew York. He was the editor of the Arabic periodical al-Jami’a and the author of several books, including the famous Ibn Rushd wa Falsafatuhu (Ibn Rushd and his philosophy). Antun was one of the pioneers of modern secular thought in theMiddle East.

80

Jurji Zaydan (also spelled Gurgi Zaidan, Georgi Zeidan) (1861 – 1914).

81

Saleem el Hamawi (1843 – 1913) founder of several Arabic periodicals, principally Kawkab ash Sharq.

Tahnun ibn Zaid al-Nahayan [TAHNUN II] 1909/1912, born 1857, died October 1912.

82

Ahmed Orabi or Ahmed Urabi (April 1, 1841 – September 21, 1911), also known as Orabi Pasha, Urabi Pasha and Ahmed Pasha Urabi el-Masri; his name was also transliterated Ahmad Arabi in older sources) was an Egyptian army officer and later an army general who revolted against the khedive and European domination of Egypt in 1879 in what has become known as the Urabi Revolt. He was the first Egyptian national political and military leader of Fellahin extraction.

97

Boutros Ghali (1846 – February 20, 1910) was a Coptic Prime Minister ofEgyptfrom 1908 to 1910. He was accused of favoring the British in the Denshway incident. On February 20, 1910, Ghali was assassinated by Ibrahim Nassif al-Wardani, a young pharmacology graduate who had just returned from theUnited Kingdom.

98

Zaid ibn Khalifa Al Nahayan (1855-1909) of the Al Abu Falah dynasty was the Shaikh of Abu Dhabi from 1862-1877. In 1892, Khalifi signed a treaty with theUnited Kingdomwhich effectively ceded control ofAbu   Dhabi’s international commercial relations to the British.

99

Qasim Amin (1863-1908). Arab Egyptian jurist and one of the founders of the Egyptian national movement andCairoUniversity. Born to an Upper Egyptian mother and an Ottoman father who had served as an administrator in Kurdistan thenEgypt. Amin is perhaps most noted as an early advocate of women’s rights in Egyptian society.

100

Mustafā Kāmil Pasha (August 14, 1874, Cairo, Egypt – February 10, 1908, Cairo) was an Egyptian journalist and political figure. The son of an Egyptian army officer, Mustafa Kamil was trained as a lawyer at the French law school inCairoand the Law Faculty at theUniversityofToulouseinFrance. He began his career as an Egyptian nationalist by collaborating with the French, the Ottoman sultan, and Khedive Abbas Hilmi II.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

What’s this?

You are currently reading Biographies at houran.me.

meta

%d bloggers like this: